Jean-Marie Guyau Sacrifice. Source: Pages Choisies des Grands Écrivains. Paris, A. Colin, ; Translated: for by Mitchell Abidor;. Jean Marie Guyau, a French philosopher and sociologist, wrote about anomie earlier than Durkheim, in a way very different from the one with which we are. Results 1 – 12 of A Sketch of Morality Independent of Obligation or Sanction (Classic Reprint). Jul 11, by Jean-Marie Guyau.

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Author:Jean-Marie Guyau

Though Guyau is now a relatively obscure philosopher, his approach to philosophy earned him much praise from those who knew of him and his philosophy. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Although an enthusiastic admirer of the works of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Millhe did not spare them a careful scrutiny of their approach to morality.

However, this was short-lived, as he soon began to suffer from pulmonary disease. For the third time a man goes down into the incandescent oven and succumbs. Contrary to Herbert Spencer’s theory that the development of the arts is an indicator of the decline of society at large, Guyau maintains that as society continues to evolve, life will become increasingly aesthetic.

He draws from this supreme risk a maris tension and an indefatigable energy of the will. A woman who had witnessed the accident called for assistance, and other workers come running. Extend this to the present and the future: Origin and Developmentp.

For what idea, for what person would I be ready to risk my life? Matie page was last edited on 14 Novemberat Laval, MayenneFrance.

Jean-Marie Guyau ou l’éthique sans modèle

On the contrary, he who has present in his spirit the idea of death for his ideal seeks to maintain this ideal at the height of this possible sacrifice. We can judge ourselves and our ideal by posing this question: Origin and Developmentdescribing Guyau’s moral teaching as “so carefully conceived, and expounded in so perfect a form, that it is a simple matter to convey its essence in a few words”, [3] while the American philosopher Josiah Royce considered him as “one of the most prominent of recent French philosophical critics.


With this background, he was able to attain his Bachelor of Arts at only 17 years of age, and at this time, translated the Handbook of Epictetus.

Retrieved from ” https: In L’Art au point de vue sociologiqueGuyau argues the purpose of art is not to gjyau produce pleasure, but to create sympathy among members of a society. He who would not, like them, brave death at a given moment, would feel himself inferior to his employees. A short while later, the court officers having gone to the place for an inquest, they interrogated the survivor on his spontaneous devotion, and a magistrate undertook with gravity to show him the irrationality of his conduct.

Much of his treatise is dedicated to arguing what moral theory can be based upon that relieves moral theorists from relying on e. We spend three days climbing a high summit in the Alps; we find that these three days of fatigue are worth the same as the short moment spent on the white peak, in the tranquility of the heavens. He is incapable of feeling or doing anything grand in life, since he is unable to go beyond his individuality. He gave this admirable response: A irreproachable functionary is always ready to risk his life for the function that is his, be it the simple function of game warden, customs agent, road mender, railway worker or telegraph agent.

A fourth and a fifth leap and succumb. He remained there until his early death at 33 years of age. Views Read Edit View history. He who cannot answer such a question has a vulgar and empty heart. Give someone the choice between reliving the monotonous duration of his whole life or reliving the small number of perfectly happy hours he remembers: By extension, he contends that art has the power to reform societies as well as to form them anew.

Writers Archive: Jean-Marie Guyau

I had to go to them. II — The more conscious a human being becomes, the more conscious jjean will be of the necessity, of the rationality inherent in the function he accomplishes in human society, the more he will see and understand himself in his role as a social being. Only one was left. Another hurries to his rescue and falls. There are moments where it is possible to say both, I live, and I have lived.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Guyau also took interest in aesthetic theory, particularly its role in society and social evolution.

Wikisource has original works written by or about: He advanced and was about to leap when a woman who happened to be there grabbed onto his clothes and, half-mad with terror, held him back. Largely seen as an Epicureanhe viewed English utilitarianism as a modern version of Epicureanism.

Sacrifice by Jean-Marie Guyau

There are also instants of life when it seems we are on a peak and are gliding; compared to these instants the rest is a matter of indifference. The need for sacrifice, in many cases, is a matter of your number being drawn: Following the first attacks of his disease, he went to southern France where he wrote philosophical works and poetry.

III — A characteristic example of the impulse and spontaneous sentiment is provided us by the poor workers of a lime oven in the Pyrenees. He is impotent and sterile, dragging along his selfish ego like the tortoise its shell. Primarily, Guyau’s theories of aesthetics refute Immanuel Kant’s idea that aesthetic judgment is disinterested, and accordingly, partitioned off from the faculties of mind responsible for moral judgement.

The only means of being great in life is having the consciousness that you will not retreat before death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

He abandons himself, regretting perhaps having been the chosen victim. They are also the mark of man’s self-actualization. He states that any valid theory of ethics must consider the moral sphere as consisting not merely of moral facts the utilitarian approach but also, and more importantly, of moral ideas.